The Approach & organizational set up
The organization has got strong support from the villagers in Bhilangana valley. Villagers have donated the land (1800-sq. met.) to build up the common facility center for the farmers. This CFC would serve the need of technical information and training support in farming and other village based enterprises. Further the trained farmers from the first batch of training and registration in CFC would introduce it to other villagers.
The organization strongly believes involving the people in getting sensitize about their own problems, and to find out the alternative solutions by their own. This participatory approach has been adopted at all the level in organizational structure of SJS.
Besides the governing body (consisting 13 members), a core team of three members having experience and specialization in the field of marketing management, resource management and appropriate technology management contribute their expertise to finalize and review the programme and activities for the operational areas. Hence each core member represents the unit for which they are working, and each unit has it’s own team for each district. This team includes workers at supervisory level, and at village level.
Sri Jagdamba Samiti has its organizational set up in following manner:
Strategy of the organization
Sri Jagdamba Samiti basically adopts the designed projects, which have the similar objectives related with its mission. The project acceptance is also based on the priority options selected from the identified needs, assessed by the community members. Sri Jagdamba Samiti activates as a partner with the funding agency, for implementing the selected projects in the community, with the efforts to make the programme sustain even after the project period is over. Involvement of the community members from the stage of assessing needs till handling the programme on its own is the basic strategy of the organization.
Program of Sri Jagdamba Samiti
In order to achieve the organization’s mission, make optimum utilization of locally available resources SJS has adopted eight different projects in past 10 years. Sri Jagdamba Samiti has made an effort to touch almost all the areas, which are related with the natural resources & agriculture. The organization has also tried to organize the human resources by forming the groups in the villages and mobilizing its members to renovate their energy and talents for their own help.
The adopted projects by the organization are
About the working area
Uttaranchal Himalayas is known for its beauty, spirituality and huge natural resources since time immemorial. For pilgrims it is the abode of the lord. Huge natural resources, innocent but hardworking people of the area are subject of attraction to the planners, researchers, traders and leaders but neither the beauty, spirituality and huge natural resources nor the development mechanism of nation had solved the problems of the people struggling for their livings. Today Himalayas is calling a number of dedicated and committed social workers, technologists, leaders and resource managers to convince the mountain people for optimum and gainful utilization of their resources.
Despite the five decades of development planning people and resources of this area continuously loosing their productivity from agriculture, forest, livestock and water resources, which resulted the heavy out migration of able-bodied male.
Migration of male working forces caused the vicious cycles of poverty as ignorance of local resource use, lack of appropriate technology intervention, ignorance of market development for local products and so on thus the community (women, children and aged people) depends on the imports through their so called money order economy
This new state was created on 09-11-2000 after a prolonged struggle for separate statehood. This demand originated because of under development, unemployment and consequent poverty and for different development planning and implementation strategies. But, in spite of separate state hood development planning and implementation is still based on top down approach. Consequently people and resources of the area are continuously losing their productivity from agriculture, forest, animal husbandry and allied sectors of economy.
The major problems in the development of agriculture and allied activities are small, sloppy and scattered agricultural land which limits the scope of large scale cultivation of food grain like wheat & paddy etc. secondly average land holding range from 0.2 hectares to 1 hectare. Thirdly about 82% agriculture land is rain fed which required judicious management of water resources, rainwater harvesting and water recharge technologies. Fourthly because of negligible returns from agriculture the male working force is continuously migrating to plains to earn living and major burden of agricultural activates has fallen on women who use primitive & traditional practices. This resulted in negligible retune due to lack of appropriate technologies, input supplies and investments etc. so the youth have become disinterested in these activates. Yet about 85% rural population in the area is still dependent on agricultural and allied activities. But the farmers mostly women, do not have knowledge and access to soil & resources management, NPK requirements, inputs for pests diseases, harvesting as well as post harvesting technologies and finally marketing of their agro-products.
A socio-economic study of the area conducted by our organisation shows that production and consumption balance of villages/panchayats are at the alarming stage. An average family has gross income from agriculture and allied sectors of about Rs. 700 per month and the consumption of goods & services of these families is about Rs. 2000 per month. The short fall of this imbalance is presently been fulfilled from money order sent by the migrated male member working out of the region or from other sectors like construction etc. or from borrowing debt. Yet the encouraging factor is that farmers do not use chemical fertilizers and insecticides for whatever reasons. Instead they use animal manure to increase productivity and so the agricultural here is organic by default.